Expressionism Movement in literature, the visual arts, film, approximately 1910-1925. Like Romanticism and Modernism, Expressionism arises from the "inward turn" of art after the Englightenment, from the abandonment of mimesis in favor of expressiveness, of the "mirror" for the "lamp." (See notes on Romanticism.) Expressionism is a sort of extreme and particular case of the general trend away from representational art towards art that expresses mental and emotional states. In literature, expressionism reacts against Naturalism, which had sought a highly detailed realism. Expressionism aimed to show the inner state of the subject, not through psychological realism, but through direct expressions of thoughts and, above all, emotions. Literary expressionism is often rather impersonal, with characters labelled instead of named (the father, the engineer); it is characterised by exclamatory and elliptical style, and by the frequent use of the grotesque. The purest expressions of the expressionist idea are in drama (Wedekind, Barlach, etc.) and lyric (Benn, Becher, Trakl, etc.); the early works of Bertolt Brecht are much influenced by expressionism, as are the works of Franz Kafka. Outside Germany, elements of expressionism may be found in the works of Eugene O\'Neil, James Joyce, T. S. Eliot, and many other writers of the early 20th century. Specific characteristics of expressionist art works include the following (adapted from John D. Barlow, German Expressionist Film). 1. Fantastic, non-realistic settings representing an emotional landscape. 2. Supporting characters reduced to functions of the main character. No dramatic conflict between characters. Characters, especially supporting characters, frequently not named, not developed in the traditional way. 3. Depiction of extreme situations or of excessive responses to ordinary situations. 4. Literalized figures of speech. RULES 1) Post one picture at a time. 2) Immediately comment on the previous TWO photos. 3) Wait for two photos to be posted before posting again. 4) Copy and paste this tag at the end of each of your comments: From the (expressionist photography) group this is a good example of real expressionist mood :
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*Expressionist Photography (Post 1 Comment 2)34 567 photos
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